Pedagogical Barriers

  • Not fully honoring pregnant and parenting students' Title IX rights
  • Requiring activities outside of typical class time and location like group projects, meetings, and mandatory events 
  • Attendance policies that lack allowances for family emergencies
  • Classroom phone policies that disable contact with childcare providers and schools
  • Lack of faculty empathy for the realities of single motherhood
  • Intrusive questioning and biased assumptions directed at pregnant and parenting students
  • Harassment or discrimination from peers toward pregnant or parenting students tolerated in the classroom

Unwelcoming faculty or policies create barriers to successful course completion and decrease persistence for single mother students.

Barriers Include:
Beeler, S. (2016). Undergraduate single mothers' experiences in postsecondary education. New Directions
          for Higher Education, 176(1), 69-80. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1002/he.20210
Duquaine-Watson, J.M. (2007). "Pretty darned cold": Single mother students and the community college
          climate in post-welare reform American. Equity & Excellence in Education, 40(3), 229-240. Retrieved
          from https://doi.org/10.1080/10665680701334785
Duquaine-Watson, J.M. (2017). Mothering by degrees: Single mothers and the pursuit of postsecondary
          education. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
The Pregnant Scholar. (n.d.). Best practice guide: Supporting students in your courses. Retrieved from
           https://thepregnantscholar.org/supporting-students/
Wilson, K.B. (2011). No kids allowed: Transforming community college to support mothering. NASPA
           Journal About Women in Higher Education, 4 (2), 218-241. https://doi.org/10.2202/1940-
           7890.1077
Women Employed. (2012). Low-income single mothers at community college: Recommendations for practices
          to improve completion. Chicago, IL: Author. Retrieved from https://ascend.aspeninstitute.org/wp-
          /uploads/2017/10/LowIncomeSingleMothersatCommunityCollege2012.pdf
Yakaboski, T. (2010). Going at it alone: Single-mother undergraduate's experiences. Journal of Student
          Affairs Research and Practice, 47(4), 463-481. https://doi.org/10.2202/1949-6605.6185
Associate Professor of Health, Human Performance, and Recreation Darryn Willoughby holding student's child at Baylor University.
Yam, K. (2016, March 23). Professor comforts student's baby in class to let mom focus on studies. HuffPost. Retrieved from https://www.huffpost.com/entry/professor-comforts-students-baby-during-lecture-after-babysitter-cancels_n_56f2b65fe4b04c4c3760b477
Promising Pedagogy - learn steps you can take to remove these and other barriers for single mother students

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© 2019 by Jennifer Pocai. Proudly created with Wix.com