Title IX Office
Protections for pregnant and parenting students is the lesser known area of the Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972. In fact, research shows that pregnant and parenting students, as well as faculty and staff, are often unaware of this area of Title IX, leading to infringement of student rights and students who are unable to advocate for themselves. Additionally, policies in violation of pregnant and parenting students' rights, especially in the classroom, contribute to increased dropout rates for this student population.
Title IX regulations state that colleges and universities are responsible for ensuring students are aware of their rights and employees are properly trained on supporting pregnant and parenting students according to the law.
Association of Title IX Administrators. (2019). 2019 East Coast Annual Conference. Retrieved from https://atixa.org/events/2019-
California Women's Law Center. (2016). The rights of pregnant and parenting students under Title IX and California law. Retrieved
Education Admin Web Advisor (n.d.). Pregnant and parenting students in college: Requirements and accommodations under Title IX
and beyond. Retrieved from https://shop.educationadminwebadvisor.com/Pregnant-and-Parenting-Students-in-College-
Eynon-Kokrda, E., Hanson, H., & Luningham, K.J. (2017). The pregnant and parenting student. NACUA Notes, 15(2), 1-13. Retrieved
Nichols, T.R., Biederman, D.J., & Gringle, M.R. (2017). Organizational culture and university responses to parenting students: A case
study. Journal of Student Affairs Research and Practice, 54(1), 69-81.
Mason, M.A., & Younger, J. (2014). Title IX and pregnancy discrimination in higher education: The new frontier. N.Y.U. Review of
Law & Social Change, 38(1), 269-288. Retrieved from https://heinonline-org.mutex.gmu.edu/HOL/Page?lname=&public
McNee, E. (2013). Pregnancy discrimination in higher education: Accommodating student pregnancy. Cardozo Journal of Law &
Gender, 20(1), 63-88. Retrieved from https://cdn.atixa.org/website-media/atixa.org/wp-content/uploads/2017
National Association of College and University Attorneys. (2017). Accommodating pregnant and parenting students. Retrieved from
National Coalition for Women and Girls in Education. (2017). Pregnant and parenting students: Supporting academic success through Title IX. Retrieved from https://www.ncwge.org/TitleIX45/Pregnant%20and%20Parenting%20Students.pdf
The Legal Aid Association of California. (2018). The rights of pregnant and parenting students and employees at CA schools. Retrieved
Professional Development Opportunities
Association of Title IX Administrators: 2019 East Coast Annual Conference: Roundtable Topics: Round 2: Pregnancy & Parenting
California Women's Law Center: The Rights of Pregnant and Parenting Students under Title IX and California Law
National Association of College and University Attorneys: Accommodating Pregnant and Parenting Students
The Legal Aid Association of California: The Rights of Pregnant and Parenting Students and Employees at CA Schools
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